How Is Infantile Spasms Treated?

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According to the American Academy of Neurology (AAN) and the Child Neurology Society (CNS), the goals of therapy for infantile spasms (IS) are: [1][5][6]

  • Completely stop the spasms
  • Resolve hypsarrhythmia (chaotic brain waves)

Studies show that when hypsarrhythmia (chaotic brain waves) lasts for long periods of time, brain development can be damaged. However, when babies with IS are treated early in the course of the illness, they may have a better outcome.[1]

Treatment Options

There are two products approved by the FDA for treatment of IS. Click Here to read more about one of these two treatment options. There are other non-FDA approved treatments used to treat IS.

Below are links to patient advocacy groups that address the topic of treatment:

The Child Neurology Foundation

The Tuberous Sclerosis Alliance (Tuberous Sclerosis Complex is a major cause of Infantile Spasms)

We are always looking to make this site more comprehensive and useful in an appropriate way. If you have a website that you would recommend as a credible source for Infantile Spasms treatment information, please click here and submit the site for inclusion.

Treatment Recommendations

When treatment of IS is effective, it should stop both the spasms and hypsarrhythmia (chaotic brain waves) in babies with IS. To determine which treatments were most effective in treating IS, experts from the AAN and the CNS, as well as experts from the Infantile Spasms Working Group (ISWG), reviewed all the studies in the medical literature.[1][5][6] Based on their findings, they made recommendations about the order in which the treatments should be given to ensure the most effective treatments are prescribed first.

If your baby is treated for IS and the treatment is successful, the spasms and hypsarrhythmia (chaotic brain waves) should disappear. If treatment is not successful after it has been given for the prescribed time, your doctor may discuss other treatment options with you.